Posts Tagged ‘king’

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David Their King

But they shall serve the Lord their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them. – Jeremiah 30:9 (NASB)

While studying something totally different, I came across something interesting and related to our current study in Jeremiah. It sparked me to research the relationship between Jesus and David more intensely. It also provided me with a clearer understanding of David’s earthly kingdom versus his everlasting kingdom promised to him by God.

Jesus Questioned the Pharisees about the Son of David (Matthew 22:41-46)

After some testing from the Sadducees and Pharisees, Jesus turned the tables and posed 2 questions to the Pharisees:

  • Whose Son is the Christ? (v. 42)
  • How does David call Him “Lord” if He is the Son of David? (v.44)

To the first question, they all responded: “The Son of David.”

However, the second question posed by Jesus did not elicit such a collective response. Jesus asks the second question based on Psalm 110:1, a psalm of David. Sadly, the response to the second question went something like this: “And no one was able to answer Him a word, nor from that day on did anyone dare question Him anymore (v. 46, NKJV).”

No one was able to answer Him.

Imagine that no answer to the question could be found among those who claimed to be the “keepers of the law.” The answer was beyond the scope of their grasp and understanding. Even though they worked closely with the Holy Scriptures, the Torah, the Law of God, they had no answer to provide Jesus for His second question. They had no understanding of how David could call Him both Son and Lord.

David’s Kingdom and the Davidic Covenant

David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years. – 2 Samuel 5:4 (NIV)

By comparison, David’s earthly kingdom and his eternal kingdom are different levels.

  • David’s earthly kingdom is limited (40 years)
  • David is promised that his descendant will hold the everlasting throne forever (Matt. 1:1-6, 16; Luke 3:31-34)
  • “Son of David” stems from the royal origin of Jesus and His earthly lineage found in the Gospel of Matthew and Luke with the term “son” meaning descendant or offspring

Confirmation from Jeremiah’s Contemporaries

But afterward the people will return and devote themselves to the LORD their God and to David’s descendant, their king. In the last days, they will tremble in awe of the LORD and of his goodness. – Hosea 3:5 (NLT)

24 My servant David will be king over them, and there will be one shepherd for all of them. They will follow My ordinances and keep and observe My statutes. 25 They will live in the land that I gave to My servant Jacob, where your fathers lived. They will live there forever with their children and grandchildren, and My servant David will be their prince forever. – Ezekiel 37:24-25 (NIV)

Rejoice greatly, daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is coming to you; He is righteous and endowed with salvation, Humble, and mounted on a donkey, Even on a colt, the foal of a donkey. – Zechariah 9:9 (NASB)

Along with Isaiah, these prophets were contemporaries of Jeremiah, sharing God’s message with His people in different regions around the same time and confirming each other’s prophecies. Other contemporary biblical texts share about the covenant extending forever. Both jeremiah 32:40 and Ezekiel 37:26 speak of an “everlasting covenant” between God and His people initiated with David’s descendant as their king. Some biblical translations even call Him “their prince.”

Continue to Study on David and the Son of David

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…I am not of this world– John 8:23 (NASB)

…My kingdom is not of this world.- Joh 18:36 (NASB)

Let’s just settle this from the onset, the get-go or simply the start.  Jesus spoke of Himself and His kingdom not being of this world.  I know that many in Christian circles have expressed such views through bumper stickers and t-shirts as well as anything it can possibly be printed upon nowadays.  (That’s just part of our ways that we don’t seem ready to part with any time soon.)  What we learn is that the Lord shared this is some specific situations so we can be clear about what we are expressing.

And He was saying to them, ” You are from below, I am from above; you are of this world, I am not of this world.- John 8:23 (NASB).  This is not easy to understand out of its context.  in verse 21,it is stated: Then He said again to them, “I go away, and you will seek Me, and will die in your sin; where I am going, you cannot come.” Some of the Jews talked among themselves, assuming to understand what He meant.  He simply clarified things for their own understanding.  Their earthly ways could not comprehend His eternal means and methods.  He is from above.  They could not possibly understand such matters, being concerned with the things below and not above.

Jesus answered,My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, then My servants would be fighting so that I would not be handed over to the Jews; but as it is, My kingdom is not of this realm.”- John 18:36(NASB).  Again, I say, the context helps us to understand this.  Jesus is answering Pilate’s inquiry of Him.  The Jews sought him to be punished by Pilate.  Pilate wanted to hear from Jesus.  Jesus simply shared the truth.  He did not plead for mercy or fight to prove His own innocence.  he addressed Pilate by sharing that He indeed had a kingdom that was not of this world. 

What may not have been understood stands out for us today.  We catch on.  We see it.  The kingdom is not of this world because our King is not of this world.  We must be in this world because we live on earth, but our kingdom citizenry should prevail within us as we seek to influence and inspire the world around us.  Being unworldly is not an option.  We are not to become worldly, but we are to serve as the catalyst for change.

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